Ovarian cancer occurs when cells in the ovary grow and divide uncontrollably. The cells may form a tumor on the ovary, or they also can break off from the main tumor and spread to other parts of the body. Although ovarian cancer can spread throughout the entire body, in most cases it stays in the abdomen and affects organs such as the intestines, liver and stomach. There are several types of ovarian cancer. However, most cancers of the ovary come from the cells that make up the outer lining of the ovary.
A woman’s risk of getting ovarian cancer during her lifetime is about one in 67. The risk of getting this cancer and dying from it is one in 95. Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer in women, excluding skin cancer. It is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women.
The exact causes of ovarian cancer are not known. However, studies show that the following risk factors may increase the chance of developing this disease:
Source: Illinois Department of Public Health
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT OVARIAN CANCER CAN BE OBTAINED BY CONTACTING:
National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(800) 232-4636 (800-CDC-INFO)